De Semiosis: De Semiotiek van C. S. Peirce
Gebracht Met Het Verschijnsel 'Film'
(Semiosis: C. S. Peirce's Semiotics Applied To Film)
Hans Van Driel
Institution: Katholieke Universiteit Brabant (THE
Source: DAI, 55, no. 02C, (1993): 0323
No: ISBN: 90-9006304-8
An alternative to the object-immanent approach of
structurally oriented film semiotics is offered by Peircean semiotics.
According to Peirce, meaning represents itself as a process whereby a sign is
determined by an object and where the sign itself produces a signified sign
(the interpretant). For Peircean semiotics, research into this process of
meaning representation (semiosis) is itself the domain of research. In this
study, I have given a description of the semiosis by applying two procedures
derived from the writings of Charles Sanders Peirce. The first is Peirce's
semiotic claim that all representation of meaning is by sign. This constitutes
the frame of this study. The second procedure, which involves Peirce's theory
of categories, functions as a leading principle.
in general is described as a quality which may be actualized. For this reason
semiosis in general is called the semiosis 'in potentia'. I refer to an
actualised semiosis as the semiosis 'in actu'. This is the object of research
of several forms of applied semiotics. The description of this semiosis
requires an adaptation of the description of the semiosis in potentia because
of the peculiarity of the artefact (the sign) that influences the semiosis in
actu. In this study the semiosis in actu is defined in terms of the process of
very special semiosis in actu concerns the process of knowledge representation
aimed at evaluating the reliability of meaning as represented by a concluded
semiosis in actu. This is the object of research of the applied semiotics of
science. It is called semiosis 'in lege'. The description of this semiosis
requires an adaptation of the description of the semiosis in potentia and the
semiosis in actu. The adaptation concerns the scientific method: how should one
evaluate the meaning that is represented by a concluded semiosis?
in lege in general is described as a quality which could be actualized by an
applied semiosis in lege. I have given an example of this by evaluating the
reliability of meaning as represented by a concluded semiosis in actu, namely a
classical publication on film analysis.